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双语:考察发觉著名能够招致寿数缩小北方网

发布时间:2015-07-05 11:45

  澳大利亚的钻研人员正在对于纽约时报2009年到2011年时期的1000条讣闻综合后发觉,艺人、歌星及体育港星等行业顺利的大众人士寿数广泛都比其余畛域的顺利人物短,且演员当中患隐疾,特别是肺部肉瘤的对比比拟高。钻研人员示意,某个发觉并没有能算是钻研论断,没有过却能引发没有少关于名望代价的考虑。比方,少年人名誉扫地者能否更简单正在光环褪去后养成一种没有衰弱的行止习气?或者许,奉若神明特殊成绩的心思压力和家族压力能否会招致一生都有自虐偏偏向?或者许说,勇于挣扎的共性增多了他们顺利的多少率,随同而来的就是用烟草、石油或者鸦片正在短期内安慰文章产出。钻研人员指出,这一综合发觉该当变化那些想著名的年老人的衰弱忠告。   having a glittering career in the public eye may come at the cost of a shorter life, an analysis of obituaries in a us newspaper suggests。   it showed performers and sports stars tended to die a few years younger than people successful in other careers。   the researchers acknowledge the study does not provide any conclusive answers, but said it asked interesting questions about the cost of fame。   the data was published in qjm: an international journal of medicine。   researchers in australia looked at 1,000 obituaries in the new york times between 2009 and 2011.   they showed that performers, such as actors, singers and musicians, as well those who made a career in sport died the youngest - at an average age of 77.   w中国传奇

riters, composers and artists died at 79. those classed as academics, including historians and economists, survived until 82 on average while those in business or politics made 83.   the researchers, at the university of queensland and the university of new south wales, said cancer, particularly tumors in the lungs, was more common in performers。   costly   professor richard epstein said: "a one-off retrospective analysis like this can't prove anything, but it raises some interesting questions。   "first, if it is true that successful performers and sports players tend to enjoy shorter lives, does this imply that fame at younger ages predisposes to poor health behaviors in later life after success has faded?   "or that psychological and family pressures favoring unusually high public achievement lead to self-destructive tendencies throughout life?   "or that risk-taking personality traits maximize one's chances of success, with the use of cigarettes, alcohol or illicit drugs improving one's performance outp激情轻变

ut in the short term?"   he added that, whatever the reason, the findings should be considered as a "health warning to young people aspiring to become stars"。   honey langcaster-james, a psychologist who specializes in celebrity behavior, said so few people achieved star status that it made it difficult to scientifically study the effect on people's lives。   she said: "the results are interesting of themselves as they suggest an inherent hazard of a public career and that all that glitters is not necessarily gold。   "they may be paying a high price for their career."   however she said it was not easy to come up with a scientific explanation。   on the one hand she said such a career "has unique stressors" such as "the pressure to live up to a public image, which can lead to risky behaviors"。   yet she suspected that "particular personal characteristics predispose people to wanting a career in the public arena", which may also lead to lifestyle choices affecting health。

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